hemp is an important cultivated plant which has been used by humans for several thousand years. Only in the last two centuries has this versatile plant fallen into disrepute as an intoxicant. The hemp can do so much more and one of the most valuable treasures it delivers is the seeds and oils.
The history of hempPeople probably already use the beneficial and nutritious qualities of hemp two thousand years ago. Hemp was not only used for the extraction of fibres, the discovery of seeds in excavation sites shows that they also found application in the household or kitchen. Before whale oil was used to light lamps in the 18th to 19th centuries, it was hemp plant oil that gave people light.
Return of hempNot only due to its loss of importance as lamp oil, but also due to the triumph of cotton and finally the demonization of the hemp plants as intoxicants, their conventional use practically disappeared completely until two decades ago. From 1981 to 1996 the cultivation of all hemp varieties in Germany was even completely forbidden. Only the emergence of a new health-conscious movement rediscovered hemp, its oil and also the fibres for clothing. After a successful lawsuit against the ban on cultivation, hemp was cultivated again in Germany on 2,800 hectares for the first time in 1997. However, the largest producers of hemp seeds today are China and France.
Cultivation of seedsSeeds, which contains oil, is cultivated with the variety Cannabis sativa ("useful hemp"). Hemp genera of the useful hemp class cultivated in Germany legal contain less than 0,2 % of the intoxicant THC.
A special feature of the cannabis plant is the intensive use of sunlight, within 100 days it can reach a stately size of up to four meters. For seed production, the plants are sown more generously and free-standing than during fibre production, so that the individual plant can absorb even more light, and maturity and seed yield are optimised. After the harvest, the hemp is threshed and the seedss are released from the fruit stalks. In the cultivation of useful hemp, preference is given to so-called hermaphroditic varieties, which form both female and male blossoms on a single plant, and hybrid varieties. The yield per hectare of cultivated area is 3 to 4 tons of seeds.
Hemp seed as a foodstuffThe 3 to 4 mm hemp seeds belong to the nut species and are full of valuable ingredients. The fat content is between 25 and 35 percent and most of these are unsaturated fatty acids, including omega-3 fatty acid, which is essential for human life. In addition, hemp seeds contain high-quality proteins (up to 24 percent) and are rich in vitamins and minerals. The consumption of 100 grams of hemp seed completely covers the daily requirement of vitamin B1 and B2.
Preparation of hemp seedsThe small nuts can simply be sprinkled over the salad, a muesli or other dishes and these can be refined in taste. The seeds are also a snack to nibble on in between or a great addition to yoghurts and smoothies. In pasta dishes they provide a pleasant crackling effect and a delicious milk drink similar to oat milk can be made from peeled hemp seeds. In addition, these little health wonders also work well in baked goods of all kinds, but should be incorporated into the dough and not sprinkled, since heating during the baking process again lost too many ingredients on the surface.
Hemp oilKnown as one of the best edible oils, hemp oil is obtained by cold pressing. In contrast to hot pressing, all ingredients remain virtually unchanged. The oil tends to oxidise due to heat, oxygen and light, which in practice means that it becomes rancid and should only be stored in dark bottles, tightly closed and cool. The oil should not be used for frying, as almost all ingredients such as the super antioxidant vitamin E are lost due to heating.
cannabis oil vs. hemp oilThe cannabis or hemp oil with the active ingredient CBD = cannabidiol offered in specialist shops is something other than food hemp oil. In CBD oil, the focus is on the dropwise application for the development of a special relaxation and wellness effect, which is characteristic of CBD. Some of these cannabis or hemp oils species are also other vegetable oils (such as thistle or sunflower oil) in which the substance CBD, isolated from hemp plant, has been incorporated. If you want such products buy, be it the remedy or the edible oil, you should pay close attention to the differences. It goes without saying that all freely available CBD and hemp oil products are legal, as their THC content is always below 0,2 percent.
Buy HanfsamenOf course, the seeds used for oil production and food purposes are completely legal, unlike the seeds often offered on the Internet for the cultivation of THC-containing hemp varieties. So if you want to grow seeds buy or maybe some useful hemp plants in your garden yourself, you should pay attention to what kind of website and offer you might be on right now and consider that your neighbours might be sensitive.
Overall, hemp is a food for all health-conscious people. For vegetarians and vegans, cannabis seeds, oil and other products provide a good source of nutritious proteins and vitamins.
hemp seeds are a valuable food supplement and raw material for one of the highest quality edible oils currently available on the market. Nevertheless, hemp products are still specialty products that are mostly only available in well-assorted specialist shops or health food shops. All hemp as well as CBD products are best sold at Internet retailers to order.